|Look inside the Soviet photobook here http://westreadreviews.blogspot.co.uk/2015/10/revolution-in-print.html|
In 2015 Steidl published the remarkable (and visually stunning) Soviet photobook 1920-1941 edited by Manfred Heiting, the theme continues with this look at Japanese photobooks which he also edited. This survey considers 511 books starting with the funeral of the Meiji Emperor published in 1912 containing eighty-two photos by Ogawa Kazumasa. Before this printing techniques were still being developed and many books of photos existed as single unbound pages.
The book's twenty chapters examine Japanese photography as revealed in photobooks with a detailed look at specific historical highlights, for example: propaganda 1930-1944; the German influence; Leica camera 1937-1939; protest books 1960-1978; underground 1968-1978. The chapter on Manchukuo 1932-1942 (after 1945 Manchuria) has some fascinating picture books showing new development with buildings, industry and agriculture which Japan hoped, with overseas distribution, would be the fastest way for international recognition for the country they invaded.
Japan and Germany signed an Anti-Comintern Pact in 1936 (essentially to contain the Soviet Union) and this produced a rather intriguing collection of photobooks about the 1936 Olympic Games, Bauhaus design, the small hand-held Leica (ten books featured) and of course WW2. The Japanese military produced a visually exciting propaganda magazine called Front (with design inspiration from the famous USSR in construction) there are forty spreads in the book showing an amazing use of photos and design. Page 228 shows Hitler's Mein kampf published in Japanese with photos by Heinrich Hoffmann (which were absent from the German edition).
An unusual chapter The photocopy photobook shows several 'books' of photos run-off in the seventies from Araki Nobuyoshi and others using lightweight CH paper with stapled sheets and in short editions that exploited the reduced grey tones of the Xerox copiers. The longest chapter, over seventy-three pages, looks at photobook series from 1909 to 1982, this seems an area of publishing that is almost unique to Japan with books published as a visual record of the countries culture and development over the decades. There are three chapters without a specific title other than Book selection, 1945-1959, 1960-1975 and 1976-1990. It's a chance to display the cover and inside spreads from a choice of worthwhile photo titles.
As with the Soviet photobook I mentioned this Japanese edition is a handsome looking production, the 3,500 covers and spreads all have a slight drop shadow with printing using a 175 screen. Despite the huge number of illustrations they are all very legible and nicely lots of the titles get a very generous helping of pages so the reader can get a feel of the book, for example Japan: the nation in panorama has the color cover and thirty-three spreads.